Jean-Baptiste-Claude SENE

Lot 34
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Estimation :
80000 - 120000 EUR
Result with fees
Result : 87 995EUR
Jean-Baptiste-Claude SENE
* ATTRIBUTED TO JEAN-BAPTISTE-CLAUDE SENÉ (1748-1803)
Master in 1769
EXCEPTIONAL FIREPLACE SCREEN WITH DOUBLE FACING
"MERMAID AND TRITON EMBRACED".
Louis XVI period, 1787.
Wood very richly carved, partly in the round, lacquered white-cream and gilded.
H. 124,5 cm L. 93 cm Width of the upright : 11 cm Length of the sides : 32 cm
Width of the sides : 16 cm
Model with curved hat and skids.

Some wear and chips to the lacquer and gilding. Period tapestry, but reported. Cracks on the base decorated with sphinges. Missing a small gilded wooden rose on the right jamb.
For the tapestry : slight tears and traces of humidity.
For the silk panel : accidents and missing pieces

It was probably made by the sculptor Nicolas François Vallois (1738-1788),
the painting and the gilding by Louis-François Chatard (1749-1819) under the direction of
of Jean Hauré (circa 1742-1816).

The skids have a rectangular base, lacquered in light gray, on which is lying a sphinx with an antique
is lying on a sphinx whose antique-style garment is held by a ribbon below the chest. The faces are
expressive and the hair tied in a bun.
The leaves are wide and deep to accommodate the counterweight system. They
have the same decoration on both sides: bust of an Egyptian woman wearing a nemesis.
This representation under Louis XVI announces the Etruscan style which will be in fashion
a few years later under the Consulate. The bust seems to be placed on a beam of
colonnettes ending in an arrow, decorated with pearls, acanthus and sprays.
The border that frames the two leaves is carved with a frieze of heart-shaped grapes.
The side of the uprights is molded to decorate the frame of a frieze of pearls with
cups of fruit, arrow etc..
At the top, an oval ring in chased and gilded bronze to facilitate the movement of the screen without risking to damage the sculptures and the gilding.
The two sides of the leaves are decorated with a remarkable sculpture in a frame of pearls:
a vase with the antique from which escapes a short branching then a flower with two crosses, followed by a stem with
foliage connected to a fruit bowl with laurel garland and then, without discontinuity, different
branches until a cassolette with two handles in which a long empennée arrow is inserted.

Leaves: An Aubusson tapestry in wool and silk
silk of Louis XVI period, with for decoration a child
and a dog in a laurel medallion on ivory background
ivory background in knotted ribbons and garlands of
flowers. On the other side a silk painted with gouache and
watercolor. Finally the wonderful decoration of the hanger surpasses
the one sculpted by Séné for the Queen's cabinet in Saint-Cloud.
It is finely sculpted on each side of a
of a post race in foliage with acanthus
under a frieze of heart-shaped grapes and a second frieze
of acanthus.

The damping: in high relief, it represents a triton
and a mermaid swooning and embracing. They are dressed slightly
of a linen tied on the shoulder of the triton and retained in its
right hand by the mermaid. An ewer and a cup with
pedestal in round bump are with range of hand, to
to quench their thirst. The long twists of fish scales
extend to the top of the leaves. This
chimney screen is in perfect condition. The system
to adjust the height of the sliding panel in the grooves
in the grooves was stabilized by a counterweight that was
formerly integrated in the uprights.


Provenance:
- Former Wertheimer Collection, Sotheby's sale, London,
November 24 and 25, 1988, lot n° 25.

Reference:
- See the fireplace screen made by Séné at the same time
for Queen Marie-Antoinette at the Château de Saint-Cloud
and kept at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New-York
(Inventory number 41.205.3a, b). The comparison is not to the detriment
of ours. (Fig. 1)

Bibliography:
- The fabulous world of fireplace screens of the XVIIIth
and XIXth. Text by Philippe Guégan, Galerie Flore, reproduced page 12, printed
by Dupont Vero-Dodat, no date.
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